Korinthia is the region closest to Athens, but this does not preclude it from having its own special character. With a combination of fertile valleys with grapes, orange and lemon trees, and high mountains with charming villages, Korinthia is the entrance to the Peloponnese. The narrow, deep channel that separates the region from the mainland, while uniting the Corinthian Gulf with the Saronic, had been on the drawing board since ancient times, but construction finished only in 1890. Korinthia is the cornucopia of historical monuments with traces of the mythological past. In addition, the coastal towns form a chain along the gentle north coast with sandy beaches and relaxing family atmosphere.